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What Is Periodontitis?

Up-close examination of gums and teeth

Periodontitis is a severe periodontal disease affecting the gums, teeth, and supporting bone structure. This condition is caused by a bacterial infection that triggers inflammation and destruction of the gum tissues and the bones that hold the teeth in place. In this blog, we'll delve into the details of periodontitis, its causes, symptoms, and available treatments.

Causes and Symptoms

Periodontitis is mainly attributed to inadequate oral hygiene, which allows bacteria and plaque buildup on the gums and teeth. However, other factors such as smoking, genetics, and underlying medical conditions can also contribute to the development of periodontitis.

The early symptoms of periodontitis include redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums while brushing or flossing. As the condition progresses, patients may experience bad breath, receding gums, loose teeth, and pus-filled pockets around the teeth.

Treatment Options

Periodontitis is a serious condition that requires prompt treatment to prevent tooth loss and further complications. Treatment options may include:

  1. Non-surgical Treatment: It may involve scaling and root planing, where the dentist or periodontist cleans the teeth and removes plaque and tartar from below the gum line. They may also prescribe antibiotics to fight the infection.
  2. Surgical Treatment: Surgical options may be considered if the non-surgical treatment fails. These may include flap surgery, where the gums are lifted, and the underlying infected tissues are removed, or bone and tissue grafts to replace the damaged tissues.
  3. Tooth Extraction and Replacement: In severe cases where the teeth are damaged beyond repair, extraction may be necessary. In such cases, tooth implants and bridges may be recommended to replace the missing teeth.

To Sum Up

Periodontitis is a serious gum disease that requires immediate attention to prevent tooth loss and other complications. If you notice any symptoms of periodontitis, such as bleeding gums or bad breath, you must consult a dentist or periodontist immediately.

The treatment of periodontitis involves a combination of non-surgical and surgical options, depending on the severity of the condition. Tooth extraction and replacement with implants or bridges may also be recommended in some cases. It is important to uphold proper oral hygiene practices and attend routine dental check-ups to prevent periodontitis and other issues.

Posted on Jun 26, 2023
Image Credit:

File ID 43636805 | © Batke82 | Dreamstime.com

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