Skip To Content
A+ A- A Main Content

10 Causes of Gum Disease


Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease or periodontitis, is a prevalent oral health condition that impacts the gums and surrounding tissues of the teeth. Understanding the factors contributing to gum disease can help us take proactive steps to maintain our oral health. In this blog, we'll explore ten common causes of gum disease.

1. Poor Oral Hygiene:

Improper brushing, flossing, and lack of routine dental check-ups can lead to the accumulation of plaque and tartar, causing gum inflammation.

2. Smoking and Tobacco Use:

Tobacco products impair the body's ability to fight infections, causing smokers to become more susceptible to gum disease.

3. Hormonal Changes:

Hormonal imbalances during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can cause more sensitivity in gums and cause them to become inflamed.

4. Diabetes:

People with diabetes are at higher risk of developing infections, including gum disease, due to elevated blood sugar levels.

5. Medications:

Certain medications, such as anticonvulsants and calcium channel blockers, may cause dry mouth, increasing the risk of gum disease.

6. Genetics:

Some individuals have a genetic predisposition to gum disease, making them more vulnerable, even with good oral hygiene practices.

7. Poor Nutrition:

A diet that does not contain complete nutrients can weaken the immune system, making it harder for the body to combat gum infections.

8. Grinding and Clenching:

Persistent teeth grinding and clenching can damage the gums and supporting structures around the teeth.

9. Crooked Teeth:

Misaligned teeth are more challenging to clean properly, leading to plaque buildup and an increased risk of gum disease.

10. Stress:

Chronic stress weakens the immune system, making the body less effective in fighting infections, including gum disease.

Maintaining good oral hygiene, avoiding tobacco use, and addressing risk factors like diabetes and stress are vital in preventing gum disease. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are essential for early detection and timely intervention. So contact us today at Coastal Periodontics and get your gum health checked. By understanding these common causes and taking appropriate measures, we can significantly reduce the risk of gum disease and protect our oral health for years to come.

Posted on Oct 23, 2023
Image Credit:

File ID 6950717 | © Ljupco |



May 26, 2024, 10:38 PM
Missing teeth are not just an aesthetic problem. Gaps in your smile can impact your ability to eat properly, speak clearly,…
May 13, 2024, 8:24 PM
Wisdom teeth, or third molars, often emerge in late adolescence or early adulthood. Many individuals wonder if wisdom teeth…
Apr 22, 2024, 7:04 PM
Gum grafting, a procedure to address gum recession, can be avoided with proper preventive measures. Here's how you can…
Apr 8, 2024, 8:21 PM
We would all prefer to flash a winning smile without a care in the world, but the truth is gum issues are sneaky…
Mar 25, 2024, 1:58 PM
There was a time when wisdom teeth were considered quite valuable. They provided additional chewing power that helped reduce…