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10 Causes of Periodontitis


We would all prefer to flash a winning smile without a care in the world, but the truth is gum issues are sneaky troublemakers that can creep up on us. When dental problems exceed, leading to bleeding gums, bad breath, and gingivitis, these are signs that you might have periodontitis.

Here are its top ten causes:

1. Poor Oral Hygiene

Inadequate oral hygiene is a primary cause of periodontitis. When plaque builds up on teeth and gums, it can harden into tartar. This can lead to inflammation and infection, progressing to periodontitis.

2. Bruxism (Teeth Grinding)

Grinding or clenching teeth, often unconsciously during sleep, can put excessive pressure on the supporting structures of the teeth. This can lead to the progression of periodontal disease.

3. Genetic Predisposition

Some people might be genetically predisposed to develop periodontitis. If your parents or close relatives have a history of gum disease, you might be at a higher risk.

4. Tobacco Use

Smoking or using other tobacco products is a significant risk factor for periodontitis. Tobacco interferes with the normal function of gum tissue cells, making it harder for gums to heal.

5. Poor Nutrition

A diet lacking essential nutrients, particularly vitamin C, can weaken the immune system and hinder the body’s ability to combat gum infections. Talk to a dental surgeon near me to get a diet chart.

6. Medical Conditions

Certain diseases, such as diabetes and autoimmune disorders, can increase the risk of periodontitis. These conditions affect the body’s ability to fight off infections, including those in the gums.

7. Poorly Fitted Dental Appliances

Ill-fitting bridges, dentures, or braces can create spaces where bacteria thrive. This can lead to irritation and inflammation of the gums, progressing to periodontitis. Search for “oral surgeon near me in Portsmouth” and get in touch with a dentist specializing in periodontitis.

8. Certain Medications

Some medications, such as antihypertensive drugs, antiepileptic drugs, and immunosuppressants, may have side effects that contribute to the development of periodontitis.

9. Stress

Chronic stress can weaken the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight off infections, including those affecting the gums.

10. Hormonal Changes

Hormonal fluctuations, such as those during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, can impact the gums’ response to bacteria, making women more susceptible to periodontitis at certain life stages.

The importance of good oral hygiene practices in preventing periodontitis cannot be stated enough. Regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups contribute significantly to maintaining optimal gum health.

At Coastal Periodontics, our board-certified periodontist specializes in preventing, diagnosing, and treating periodontal disease, ensuring that you receive the highest quality care tailored to your unique needs. To learn about and discuss dental implants in Portsmouth, call 603-427-8383.

Posted on Apr 8, 2024
Image Credit:

File ID 3559640 | © Darren Baker |



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