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What You Should Know About Glossitis

man pouring mouthwash into a cup

Around 80% of the population has a naturally occurring type of fungi in their mouths called candida albicans. In fewer numbers, these fungi are generally just a harmless part of your mouth’s natural flora. However, if their numbers get too high, a fungal infection may develop. One of the infections caused by an overproduction of candida albicans is known as glossitis.

Glossitis Causes

Glossitis can occur for a number of reasons. Because these fungi are opportunistic, they will take advantage of an oral cavity environment that may be changing. Changes occurring in the oral cavity can include dentures, dry mouth, a compromised immune system, and certain types of nutritional deficiencies.

Symptoms of Glossitis

The main symptom of glossitis is a lesion that may appear on the tongue. This lesion will be located in the middle or towards the back of the tongue and is red in color and oval in shape. No other symptoms will accompany the lesion, meaning that, unless you see it, you may not even be aware that you have glossitis.

Treating Glossitis

If you do have glossitis, antifungal medications can be used to treat it. Once the infection is completely gone, the goal will be to prevent it from reoccurring. This can usually be done by practicing good at-home oral hygiene and visiting your dental office every six months for a dental cleaning and exam. You should also be using an antimicrobial mouthwash to keep the fungi at normal levels.

If you’re concerned about your gum health or would like to speak with a skilled periodontist, please contact Coastal Periodontics today. Our office is located here in lovely Portsmouth, New Hampshire.

 

Posted on Jan 27, 2020
Image Credit: File ID 17124258 | © Pixago | Dreamstime.com

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